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Official Journal of the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS)

Table 2 Brief summary of various analytical methods for detecting various As species in different samples

From: Arsenic through aquatic trophic levels: effects, transformations and biomagnification—a concise review

Sample type/matrix Species of arsenic Sample pre-treatment (if any) Separation and detection method
Blood As(III), As(V), MMA, DMA, AB Centrifugation/ dilution (HgCl2) followed by ultrafiltration LC-ICP-MS
Animal urine/ excreta Dilution with deionized water and filtration IC-ICP-MS
HPLC-ICPMS
HPLC-HG-ICPMS
Fish and oyster tissues Lyophilization/microwave digestion CE-ICP-MS
Fish Ultrasonic extraction and 4 different experimental conditions HG-AFS
Water As(III), As(V) Dilution with deionized water and filtration ICP-MS
HPLC-ICPMS
HPLC-HG-ICPMS
Groundwater
Sediment and fly ash Total As Extraction with HNO3, acetic acid, EDTA HG-AAS
Soil
  1. LC liquid chromatography, ICP-MS inductively couple mass spectrometry, IC ion chromatography, HPLC high-pressure liquid chromatography, CE capillary electrophoresis, HG-AFS hydride generation atomic fluorescence, HG-AAS hydride generation atomic absorption spectroscopy