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Official Journal of the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS)

Geoscience Letters Cover Image

Table 4 Historical extreme wave events in west Luzon

From: Occurrence of 1 ka-old corals on an uplifted reef terrace in west Luzon, Philippines: Implications for a prehistoric extreme wave event in the South China Sea region

Tsunami Deadliest and most destructive typhoonsa
Year Magnitude (Ms) Tsunami probability Maximum tsunami height (m) Year Storm name (local name) JMA scale Saffir–Simpson scale (category)
1677 7.3 Possible No data 1867b N/A   
1828 6.6 Positive 1 1881b Haiphong   
1852 7.6 Possible No data 1894b N/A   
1862 6.1 Doubtful No data 1897b N/A   
1863 6.5 Positive 1 1984b Ike (Nitang) Typhoon 4
1872 6.8 Probable No data 1990 Mike (Ruping) Typhoon 5
1924 7.0 Positive 1 1991b Thelma (Uring) Tropical storm Tropical storm
1983 6.5 Positive 1 1995 Angela (Rosing) Typhoon 5
1934 7.6 Positive 2 2004b Winnie Tropical depression N/A
1937 7.5 Positive No data 2006b Durian (Reming) Typhoon 4
1939 6.5 Doubtful No data 2008b Fengshen (Frank) Typhoon 3
1990 7.8 Positive 2 2009 Parma (Pepeng); Ketsana (Ondoy) Typhoon 4; 2
1999 6.8 Positive 1.5 2010 Megi (Juan) Typhoon 5
     2011 Nesat (Pedring) Typhoon 4
     2012b Bopha (Pablo) Typhoon 5
     2013b Haiyan (Yolanda) Typhoon 5
     2014 Rammasun (Glenda) Typhoon 5
  1. aData from the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) and compilation of Ribera et al. (2008) from Miguel Selga’s Catalogue of typhoons 13481934
  2. bDeath toll more than 1000