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Official Journal of the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS)

Geoscience Letters Cover Image
Fig. 1 | Geoscience Letters

Fig. 1

From: Occurrence of 1 ka-old corals on an uplifted reef terrace in west Luzon, Philippines: Implications for a prehistoric extreme wave event in the South China Sea region

Fig. 1

a Tectonic setting of the Philippine archipelago showing surrounding subduction zones. b Focal mechanism solutions (FMS) (1976–2017) show generally shallow fault activities related to structures along the Manila Trench and onland segments of the Philippine Fault (Tsutsumi and Perez 2013; Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) 2015). Reported active faults are shown in red. FMS data are from the Global Centroid Moment Tensor (GCMT) catalog. c Tsunami events in west Luzon Island have often been associated with Ms6 to Ms7 earthquakes along the Manila Trench. Tsunamigenic earthquakes that affected west Luzon are shown in Table 4 with their probability ranking and maximum wave height (Bautista et al. 2012)

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